Loss of Consciousness Differential Diagnosis – USMLE Step 2 CS mnemonics

Differential Diagnosis for Loss of Consciousness:

Loss of Consciousness (LOC) is one of the important conditions that is tested on USMLE step 2 CS, since it is very common especially in the elderly. Are you Having trouble differentiating between all the important causes of Loss of Consciousness (LOC)? If so, then try this Loss of Consciousness Mnemonic for your USMLE Step 2 CS.

Key history for Loss of Consciousness:

Presence or absence of preceding symptoms:

— Nausea, diaphoresis, palpitation, pallor or light-headedness.

Context:

— Exertional, postural, traumatic, stressful; painful or claustrophobic experience; dehydration.

Associated:

— Tongue biting or incontinence, tonic-Clonic movements, prolonged confusion after LOC or dyspnea.

Risk factors:

— History of heart disease, Arrhythmia, hypertension, diabetes, alcohol or drug use.

 

Differential Diagnosis for Loss of Consciousness - Best USMLE Step 2 CS mnemonics - Medical Institution

Differential Diagnosis for Loss of Consciousness

Key Physical Exam for Altered Mental Status:
  • Vital signs including orthostatic vital signs
  • Complete neurologic exam including: DTR’s, CN2-12, motor, sensory, gait
  • Carotid and cardiac exam
  • Lung exam
  • Exam of the lower extremities
Work-up for Loss of Consciousness:
  • CBC,
  • Electrolytes,
  • Glucose level,
  • Urine toxicology,
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG),
  • 24 hour holter monitoring,
  • CT of the head,
  • MRI of the brain,
  • Lumbar puncture for CSF analysis,
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG),
FREE MEDICAL VIDEOS
Click on the button below for more Physical Examination Video Tutorials, and take advantage of many more FREE medical video tutorials.

www.FreeMedicalVideos.com

 

Click on the Image below if you are having trouble managing your Time for USMLE Step 2 CS

Did you like this Loss of Consciousness (LOC) Mnemonic? Click on the Image below for More USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics:

USMLE-STEP-2-CS-TIMER-For-PRACTICE BEST USMLE STEP 2 CS MNEMONICS-MEDICAL INSTITUTION
RATE THIS POST:

Leave a Reply