Dizziness Mnemonic-Best USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics

Dizziness Mnemonic:

Dizziness is one of the highly tested conditions that is tested on USMLE step 2 CS since it is very common and has many different etiologies. Are you Having trouble remembering all the important questions to ask during your patient encounter? Then try this Dizziness Mnemonic for USMLE Step 2 CS.

Dizziness Mnemonic - Best USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics - Medical Institution

Dizziness Mnemonic – Best USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics – Medical Institution

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION for Dizziness Mnemonic 
NOTE: Make sure to wash your hands or wear gloves before you start physical examination. Make sure to ask for permission before you start each physical exam. Make sure to use proper draping (don’t forget to tie back patient’s gown). Make sure to explain each physical examination in layman’s term to your patient. Do NOT repeat painful maneuvers.
Physical exam:

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS for Dizziness Mnemonic 

Ask the patient whether they experienced Vertigo “sensation of room spinning” or Lightheadedness.

  • Ménière disease (Vertigo, Tinnitus, Hearing loss)
  • Orthostatic hypotension due to dehydration (Diarrhea, Vomiting or Diuretic use. “Presents with lightheadedness not vertigo)
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (Dizziness on changing position and Nystagmus)
  • Labyrinthitis (Recent URI, Hearing loss, Vertigo)
  • Vestibular neuronitis (Recent URI, NO hearing loss)
DIAGNOSTIC WORK UP for Dizziness Mnemonic 
  • Dix-Hallpike Maneuver
  • VDRL/RPR (to r/o syphilis associated with Ménière disease)
  • Tilt table test 
  • Audiometry
  • MRI of brain,
  • Brain stem auditory evoked potentials

 

FREE MEDICAL VIDEOS
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