Hematuria Mnemonic (Bloody Urine) – Best USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonics

Hematuria Mnemonic:

Hematuria is blood in the urine. There are two types of blood in the urine exist. Hematuria may be grossly visible (macroscopic hematuria) or detectable only on urine examination (called microscopic hematuria). Hematuria is common. In many patients, particularly young adult patients, the hematuria is transient and of no consequence. However there is an appreciable risk of malignancy in patients over age 35 years with hematuria, even if transient.

Having trouble remembering all the important questions to ask during your patient encounter? Then try this Hematuria Mnemonic for USMLE Step 2 CS.

Hematuria mnemonic (Bloody urine) - BEST USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonic - Medical Institution

Hematuria mnemonic (Bloody urine) – BEST USMLE Step 2 CS Mnemonic – Medical Institution

Physical Examination for Hematuria:
NOTE: Make sure to wash your hands or wear gloves before you start physical examination. Make sure to ask for permission before you start each physical exam. Make sure to use proper draping (don’t forget to tie back patient’s gown). Make sure to explain each physical examination in layman’s term to your patient. Do NOT repeat painful maneuvers.

  • Cardiovascular exam: Auscultation
  • Pulmonary exam: Auscultation
  • Abdominal exam: Auscultation, Palpation, Percussion, Check for CVA tenderness.
  • Genital Exam (not required during USMLE Step 2 CS exam)

CLICK HERE for Physical Exam Video Tutorials

Differential Diagnosis for Hematuria:
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Bladder cancer
  • Coagulation disorder
  • BPH
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Pyelonephritis
  • UTI

CLICK HERE to view Hematuria Differential Diagnosis MNEMONIC

Diagnostic Work up for Hematuria:
  • Genital exam
  • Rectal exam (check for BPH or Prostate cancer)
  • Urinalysis
  • CBC, PT/PTT
  • Urine Culture
  • Urine cytology 
  • Kidney ultrasound
  • BUN/Cr
  • PSA
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT of abdomen / pelvis
  • IVP

 

USEFULL LINKS:

FREE MEDICAL VIDEOS
Click on the button below for more Physical Examination Video Tutorials, and take advantage of many more FREE medical video tutorials.

www.FreeMedicalVideos.com

 

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